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RNA. 2017 Sep;23(9):1432-1443. doi: 10.1261/rna.061259.117. Epub 2017 Jun 6.

Focal accumulation of preribosomes outside the nucleolus during metaphase-anaphase in budding yeast.

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Centro de Investigación del Cáncer and Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular del Cáncer, CSIC-University of Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain.
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Cáncer (CIBERONC), Centro de Investigación del Cáncer, 37007 Salamanca, Spain.
Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular, University of Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain.


Saccharomyces cerevisiae contains one nucleolus that remains intact in the mother-cell side of the nucleus throughout most of mitosis. Based on this, it is assumed that the bulk of ribosome production during cell division occurs in the mother cell. Here, we show that the ribosome synthesis machinery localizes not only in the nucleolus but also at a center that is present in the bud side of the nucleus after the initiation of mitosis. This center can be visualized by live microscopy as a punctate body located in close proximity to the nuclear envelope and opposite to the nucleolus. It contains ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and precursors of both 40S and 60S ribosomal subunits. Proteins that actively participate in ribosome synthesis, but not functionally defective variants, accumulate in that site. The formation of this body occurs in the metaphase-to-anaphase transition when discrete regions of rDNA occasionally exit the nucleolus and move into the bud. Collectively, our data unveil the existence of a previously unknown mechanism for preribosome accumulation at the nuclear periphery in budding yeast. We propose that this might be a strategy to expedite the delivery of ribosomes to the growing bud.


nucleolar functions; preribosomes; ribosome synthesis

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