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Pediatr Surg Int. 2017 Jul;33(7):787-792. doi: 10.1007/s00383-017-4092-5. Epub 2017 May 25.

Prehospital blood transfusions in pediatric trauma and nontrauma patients: a single-center review of safety and outcomes.

Author information

1
Department of General Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55901, USA.
2
Division of Pediatric Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55901, USA.
3
Mayo Clinic Medical Transport, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55901, USA.
4
Division of Laboratory Medicine, Blood Banking and Transfusion, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55901, USA.
5
Division of Trauma, Critical Care and General Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55901, USA.
6
Division of Trauma, Critical Care and General Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55901, USA. zielinski.martin@mayo.edu.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Prehospital transfusions are a novel yet increasingly accepted intervention in the adult population as part of remote damage control resuscitation, but prehospital transfusions remain controversial in children. Our purpose was to review our pediatric prehospital transfusion experience over 12 years to describe the safety of prehospital transfusion in appropriately triaged trauma and nontrauma patients.

METHODS:

Children (<18 years) transfused with packed red blood cells (pRBC) or plasma during transport to a single regional academic medical center between 2002 and 2014 were identified. Admission details, in-hospital clinical course, and outcomes were analyzed.

RESULTS:

28 children were transfused during transport; median age was 8.9 ± 7 years and 15 patients were male (54%). Most patients required at least one additional unit of blood products during their hospitalization (79%), and/or required operative intervention (53%), endoscopy (7%), or died during their hospitalization (14%). Comparison of trauma patients (n = 16) and nontrauma patients (n = 12) revealed that nontrauma patients were younger, more anemic, more coagulopathy on admission, and required more ongoing transfusion in the hospital. Trauma patients were more likely to need operative intervention. No patient had a transfusion reaction.

CONCLUSION:

Remote damage control prehospital transfusions of blood products were safe in this small group of appropriately triaged pediatric patients. Further studies are needed to determine if outcomes are improved and to devise a rigorous protocol for this prehospital intervention for critically ill pediatric patients.

KEYWORDS:

Blood products; Pediatric; Prehospital; Transfusion; Trauma

PMID:
28547532
DOI:
10.1007/s00383-017-4092-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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