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Sci Rep. 2017 May 4;7(1):1469. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-01624-4.

DNA methylation and Transcriptome Changes Associated with Cisplatin Resistance in Ovarian Cancer.

Author information

1
Turku Centre for Biotechnology, University of Turku and Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland. riikka.lund@utu.fi.
2
Department of Pathology, Medicity Research Unit, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.
3
Turku Centre for Biotechnology, University of Turku and Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland.
4
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA.
5
Department of Pathology, Medicity Research Unit, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland. ocarpen@utu.fi.

Abstract

High-grade serous ovarian cancer is the most common ovarian cancer type. Although the combination of surgery and platinum-taxane chemotherapy provide an effective treatment, drug resistance frequently occurs leading to poor outcome. In order to clarify the molecular mechanisms of drug resistance, the DNA methylation and transcriptomic changes, associated with the development of drug resistance in high-grade serous ovarian cancer, were examined from patient derived malignant ascites cells. In parallel with large-scale transcriptome changes, cisplatin resistance was associated with loss of hypermethylation at several CpG sites primarily localized in the intergenic regions of the genome. The transcriptome and CpG methylome changes in response to cisplatin treatment of both sensitive and resistant cells were minimal, indicating the importance of post-translational mechanisms in regulating death or survival of the cells. The response of resistant cells to high concentrations of cisplatin revealed transcriptomic changes in potential key drivers of drug resistance, such as KLF4. Among the strongest changes was also induction of IL6 in resistant cells and the expression was further increased in response to cisplatin. Also, several other components of IL6 signaling were affected, further supporting previous observations on its importance in malignant transformation and development of drug resistance in ovarian cancer.

PMID:
28473707
PMCID:
PMC5431431
DOI:
10.1038/s41598-017-01624-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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