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Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2017 Aug;242:108-116. doi: 10.1016/j.resp.2017.04.007. Epub 2017 Apr 22.

Cyclic mechanical stretch-induced oxidative stress occurs via a NOX-dependent mechanism in type II alveolar epithelial cells.

Author information

1
Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, Nippon Medical School, 1-1-5 Sendagi, Bunkyo-ku, 113-8603 Tokyo, Japan.
2
Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, Nippon Medical School, 1-1-5 Sendagi, Bunkyo-ku, 113-8603 Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: yo-saito@nms.ac.jp.

Abstract

Cyclic mechanical stretching (CMS) of the alveolar epithelium is thought to contribute to alveolar epithelial injury through an increase in oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms of CMS-induced oxidative stress in alveolar epithelial cells (AECs). A549 cells were subjected to CMS, and the levels of 8-isoprostane and 3-nytrotyrosine were measured. Twenty-four hours of CMS induced a significant increase in the levels of 8-isoprostane and 3-nytrotyrosine. Although CMS did not increase the xanthine oxidase activity or the mitochondrial production of reactive oxygen species, it upregulated the expression of nicotine adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX) 2, 4, 5 and DUOX2. The NOX inhibitors DPI and GKT137831 significantly attenuated CMS-induced oxidative stress. Furthermore, the measurement of annexin V/propidium iodide by flow cytometry showed that CMS induced late-phase apoptosis/necrosis, which was also attenuated by both DPI and GKT137831. These data suggest that CMS mainly induces oxidative stress, which may lead to cell injury by activating NOX in AECs.

KEYWORDS:

Alveolar epithelial cell injury; Cyclic mechanical stretch; NADPH oxidase; Oxidative stress; Ventilator induced lung injury

PMID:
28442445
DOI:
10.1016/j.resp.2017.04.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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