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Trends Ecol Evol. 2017 May;32(5):368-382. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2017.02.010. Epub 2017 Mar 18.

Postmating Female Control: 20 Years of Cryptic Female Choice.

Author information

1
Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Hwy, Perth, Western Australia, 6009, Australia. Electronic address: renee.firman@uwa.edu.au.
2
Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Hwy, Perth, Western Australia, 6009, Australia.
3
Biological Sciences, The George Washington University, 800 22nd St. NW Suite 6000, Washington, DC 20052, USA.
4
Department of Zoology, Edward Grey Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK.

Abstract

Cryptic female choice (CFC) represents postmating intersexual selection arising from female-driven mechanisms at or after mating that bias sperm use and impact male paternity share. Although biologists began to study CFC relatively late, largely spurred by Eberhard's book published 20 years ago, the field has grown rapidly since then. Here, we review empirical progress to show that numerous female processes offer potential for CFC, from mating through to fertilization, although seldom has CFC been clearly demonstrated. We then evaluate functional implications, and argue that, under some conditions, CFC might have repercussions for female fitness, sexual conflict, and intersexual coevolution, with ramifications for related evolutionary phenomena, such as speciation. We conclude by identifying directions for future research in this rapidly growing field.

PMID:
28318651
PMCID:
PMC5511330
DOI:
10.1016/j.tree.2017.02.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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