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J Cancer Educ. 2018 Aug;33(4):875-884. doi: 10.1007/s13187-017-1202-y.

Evaluating the Implementation of a Translational Peer-Delivered Stress Management Program for Spanish-Speaking Latina Breast Cancer Survivors.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco (UCSF), 3333 California Street, Suite 335, San Francisco, CA, 94118-1944, USA. anapoles@ucsf.edu.
2
Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco (UCSF), 3333 California Street, Suite 335, San Francisco, CA, 94118-1944, USA.
3
Institute for Health and Aging, UCSF, San Francisco, CA, USA.
4
Círculo de Vida Cancer Support and Resource Center, San Francisco, CA, USA.
5
New York University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract

Information is needed on implementation processes involved in translating evidence-based interventions (EBIs) into health disparity communities. In an RCT, Nuevo Amanecer, a cognitive-behavioral stress management (CBSM) program delivered by breast cancer survivors (compañeras) in community settings to Spanish-speaking Latina breast cancer survivors, was effective in improving quality of life and decreasing breast cancer concerns and depressive and bodily symptoms. Using mixed methods, we evaluated the processes of implementing Nuevo Amanecer. Program delivery was assessed by direct observation. Treatment receipt was assessed by participants' mastery and homework completion. Perceived benefits, quality, ease of use, usefulness of components, and suggested improvements were evaluated through participant surveys and semi-structured interviews of participants and compañeras. Eighty percent of women completed six or more of eight sessions. Observer ratings of program delivery indicated compañeras demonstrated fidelity 80-90% of the time for three components (e.g., following the manual), but only 10% for two components (e.g., modeling skills). Regarding treatment receipt, most participants completed all homework. Knowledge and skills mastery was high (mostly >85%). In program evaluations, 93% indicated the program helped them cope with breast cancer "quite a bit/extremely." Participants reported improved self-management skills and knowledge. Suggested improvements were to add more sessions to practice cognitive-behavioral coping skills and simplify exercises and homework. We conclude that CBSM programs can be delivered in community settings by trained peers with high fidelity, acceptability, and perceived usefulness. Results provided some areas where the program could be improved. Our rigorous evaluation illustrates methods for evaluating processes of translating EBIs for community implementation.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

NCT01383174 (ClinicalTrials.gov).

KEYWORDS:

Breast cancer; Cognitive-behavioral stress management; Implementation; Latino/Hispanic; Psycho-oncology; Translation

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