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J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2017 Apr;168:49-59. doi: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2017.02.001. Epub 2017 Feb 3.

Colonic transcriptional response to 1α,25(OH)2 vitamin D3 in African- and European-Americans.

Author information

1
University of Chicago, Department of Medicine, Section of Gastroenterology, Chicago, IL, United States.
2
University of Chicago, Department of Human Genetics, Chicago, IL, United States.
3
University of Chicago, Department of Medicine, Section of Gastroenterology, Chicago, IL, United States. Electronic address: skupfer@medicine.bsd.uchicago.edu.

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a significant health burden especially among African Americans (AA). Epidemiological studies have correlated low serum vitamin D with CRC risk, and, while hypovitaminosis D is more common and more severe in AA, the mechanisms by which vitamin D modulates CRC risk and how these differ by race are not well understood. Active vitamin D (1α,25(OH)2D3) has chemoprotective effects primarily through transcriptional regulation of target genes in the colon. We hypothesized that transcriptional response to 1α,25(OH)2D3 differs between AA and European Americans (EA) irrespective of serum vitamin D and that regulatory variants could impact transcriptional response. We treated ex vivo colon cultures from 34 healthy subjects (16 AA and 18 EA) with 0.1μM 1α,25(OH)2D3 or vehicle control for 6h and performed genome-wide transcriptional profiling. We found 8 genes with significant differences in transcriptional response to 1α,25(OH)2D3 between AA and EA with definitive replication of inter-ethnic differences for uridine phosphorylase 1 (UPP1) and zinc finger-SWIM containing 4 (ZSWIM4). We performed expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) mapping and identified response cis-eQTLs for ZSWIM4 as well as for histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3), the latter of which showed a trend toward significant inter-ethnic differences in transcriptional response. Allele frequency differences of eQTLs for ZSWIM4 and HDAC3 accounted for observed transcriptional differences between populations. Taken together, our results demonstrate that transcriptional response to 1α,25(OH)2D3 differs between AA and EA independent of serum 25(OH)D levels. We provide evidence in support of a genetic regulatory mechanism underlying transcriptional differences between populations for ZSWIM4 and HDAC3. Further work is needed to elucidate how response eQTLs modify vitamin D response and whether genotype and/or transcriptional response correlate with chemopreventive effects. Relevant biomarkers, such as tissue-specific 1α,25(OH)2D3 transcriptional response, could identify individuals likely to benefit from vitamin D for CRC prevention as well as elucidate basic mechanisms underlying CRC disparities.

KEYWORDS:

Colorectal cancer; Expression quantitative trait loci; Gene transcription; Health disparities; Vitamin D

PMID:
28163244
PMCID:
PMC5642973
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsbmb.2017.02.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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