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J Control Release. 2017 Mar 10;249:84-93. doi: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2017.01.029. Epub 2017 Jan 25.

Precise and combinatorial PEGylation generates a low-immunogenic and stable form of human growth hormone.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China.
2
State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China; Center for Translational Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hosptial, Beijing 100730, China.
3
National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, Beijing 100050, China.
4
State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China. Electronic address: deminzhou@bjmu.edu.cn.

Abstract

In this study, we aimed to develop a safe and stable form of human growth hormone (hGH) and to refine PEGylation methods for therapeutic proteins via genetic code expansion. Through this precise approach, a series of polyethylene glycol (PEG) moieties and sites were combined in various ways. Additionally, the effects of combinatorial PEGylation on the biological, pharmacological, and immunogenic properties of hGH in vitro and vivo were analyzed. Our results showed that combinatorial PEGylation at Y35, G131, and K145 significantly reduced immunogenicity and improved pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles compared with mono-PEGylation, while retaining biological activity. Upon re-examination of the pharmacodynamics in hypophysectomized rats, multi-PEGylated hGH was found to be much more stable than mono-PEGylated hGH. Thus, this method for combinatorial, precise PEGylation may facilitate the development of next-generation, long-acting hGH with low immunogenicity.

KEYWORDS:

Copper-free click chemistry; Expanded genetic code; Multisite specific PEGylation; Recombinant human growth hormone

PMID:
28131652
DOI:
10.1016/j.jconrel.2017.01.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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