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Protein Eng Des Sel. 2017 Jan;30(1):67-76. Epub 2016 Nov 29.

Allosteric control of antibody-prion recognition through oxidation of a disulfide bond between the CH and CL chains.

Author information

1
Cancer and Inflammation Program, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.
2
Basic Science Program, Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc., Cancer and Inflammation Program, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.
3
Department of Human Genetics and Molecular Medicine, Sackler Institute of Molecular Medicine, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel.
4
Basic Science Program, Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc., Cancer and Inflammation Program, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702, USA mabuyong@mail.nih.gov.

Abstract

Molecular details of the recognition of disordered antigens by their cognate antibodies have not been studied as extensively as folded protein antigens and much is still unknown. To follow the conformational changes in the antibody and cross-talk between its subunits and with antigens, we performed molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of the complex of Fab and prion-associated peptide in the apo and bound forms. We observed that the inter-chain disulfide bond in constant domains restrains the conformational changes of Fab, especially the loops in the CH1 domain, resulting in inhibition of the cross-talk between Fab subdomains that thereby may prevent prion peptide binding. We further identified several negative and positive correlations of motions between the peptide and Fab constant domains, which suggested structural cross-talks between the constant domains and the antigen. The cross-talk was influenced by the inter-chain disulfide bond, which reduced the number of paths between them. Importantly, network analysis of the complex and its bound water molecules observed that those water molecules form an integral part of the Fab/peptide complex network and potential allosteric pathways. On-going work focuses on developing strategies aimed to incorporate these new network communications-including the associated water molecules-toward the grand challenge of antibody design.

KEYWORDS:

antibody–antigen interaction; bound water molecules; community analysis; disulfide bond; dynamic network; motion correlation

PMID:
27899437
PMCID:
PMC5157118
DOI:
10.1093/protein/gzw065
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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