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Interdiscip Top Gerontol Geriatr. 2017;42:119-133. Epub 2016 Nov 22.

Application of Geriatric Principles and Care Models in HIV and Aging.

Abstract

People aging with HIV present a unique challenge for providers. HIV-infected patients experience accentuated aging and multimorbidity, but are typically disconnected from geriatric care, which is limited by a shortage of geriatric providers worldwide. Consequently, HIV providers are tasked with managing multiple age-related illnesses, within service networks that are historically not designed to care for aging patients. While comfortable with the management of antiretroviral therapy, HIV providers may have limited training on how to recognize or manage geriatric syndromes, especially in the context of multimorbidity. The result is an emerging, vulnerable population, and the question is how to best care for them. As part of the answer, we offer examples of how providers can use geriatric principles to improve the care of aging HIV-infected patients. We begin by describing basic geriatric concepts and examples of care models, and subsequently use a patient case to illustrate their applications at the patient level. At the system level, we discuss how HIV service networks can use components of geriatric care models to meet the needs of aging HIV-infected patients. Lastly, we identify aging-specific guidelines and service integration as important areas for future endeavors.

PMID:
27875828
DOI:
10.1159/000448549
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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