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Lasers Med Sci. 2017 Jan;32(1):169-180. doi: 10.1007/s10103-016-2099-0. Epub 2016 Nov 19.

Low-level laser irradiation modulates brain-derived neurotrophic factor mRNA transcription through calcium-dependent activation of the ERK/CREB pathway.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, 569 Xinsi Road, Xi'an, 710038, China.
2
Department of Clinical Aerospace Medicine, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032, China.
3
Department of Orthopaedics, Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710054, China.
4
Cadet Brigade, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032, China.
5
Department of Orthopaedics, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, 569 Xinsi Road, Xi'an, 710038, China. qianjixianxj@126.com.
6
Department of Orthopaedics, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, 569 Xinsi Road, Xi'an, 710038, China. sunhonghuifmmu@126.com.

Abstract

Low-level laser (LLL) irradiation has been reported to promote neuronal differentiation, but the mechanism remains unclear. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been confirmed to be one of the most important neurotrophic factors because it is critical for the differentiation and survival of neurons during development. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effects of LLL irradiation on Bdnf messenger RNA (mRNA) transcription and the molecular pathway involved in LLL-induced Bdnf mRNA transcription in cultured dorsal root ganglion neurons (DRGNs) using Ca2+ imaging, pharmacological detections, RNA interference, immunocytochemistry assay, Western blot, and qPCR analysis. We show here that LLL induced increases in the [Ca2+] i level, Bdnf mRNA transcription, cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation, mediated by Ca2+ release via inositol triphosphate receptor (IP3R)-sensitive calcium (Ca2+) stores. Blockade of Ca2+ increase suppressed Bdnf mRNA transcription, CREB phosphorylation, and ERK phosphorylation. Downregulation of phosphorylated (p)-CREB reduced Bdnf mRNA transcription triggered by LLL. Furthermore, blockade of ERK using PD98059 inhibitor reduced p-CREB and Bdnf mRNA transcription induced by LLL. Taken together, these findings establish the Ca2+-ERK-CREB cascade as a potential signaling pathway involved in LLL-induced Bdnf mRNA transcription. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the mechanisms of Ca2+-dependent Bdnf mRNA transcription triggered by LLL. These findings may help further explore the complex molecular signaling networks in LLL-triggered nerve regeneration in vivo and may also provide experimental evidence for the development of LLL for clinical applications.

KEYWORDS:

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor; Calcium; Extracellular signal-regulated kinase; Low-level laser; cAMP-response element binding protein

PMID:
27864646
DOI:
10.1007/s10103-016-2099-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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