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J Pediatr. 2017 Feb;181:172-176.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.10.037. Epub 2016 Nov 14.

Implementing Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training Programs in High Schools: Iowa's Experience.

Author information

1
Stead Family Department of Pediatrics, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.
2
Stead Family Department of Pediatrics, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA. Electronic address: dianne-atkins@uiowa.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To understand perceived barriers to providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) education, implementation processes, and practices in high schools.

STUDY DESIGN:

Iowa has required CPR as a graduation requirement since 2011 as an unfunded mandate. A cross-sectional study was performed through multiple choice surveys sent to Iowa high schools to collect data about school demographics, details of CPR programs, cost, logistics, and barriers to implementation, as well as automated external defibrillator training and availability.

RESULTS:

Eighty-four schools responded (26%), with the most frequently reported school size of 100-500 students and faculty size of 25-50. When the law took effect, 51% of schools had training programs already in place; at the time of the study, 96% had successfully implemented CPR training. Perceived barriers to implementation were staffing, time commitment, equipment availability, and cost. The average estimated startup cost was <$1000 US, and the yearly maintenance cost was <$500 with funds typically allocated from existing school resources. The facilitator was a school official or volunteer for 81% of schools. Average estimated training time commitment per student was <2 hours. Automated external defibrillators are available in 98% of schools, and 61% include automated external defibrillator training in their curriculum.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite perceived barriers, school CPR training programs can be implemented with reasonable resource and time allocations.

KEYWORDS:

cardiopulmonary arrest; cardiopulmonary resuscitation; cost effectiveness; education; sudden cardiac death

Comment in

PMID:
27852456
PMCID:
PMC5462447
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.10.037
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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