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Autophagy. 2016 Dec;12(12):2344-2362. Epub 2016 Oct 7.

Chemotactic G protein-coupled receptors control cell migration by repressing autophagosome biogenesis.

Author information

1
a Normandie Univ, UNIROUEN, INSERM, DC2N , Rouen , France.
2
b Institute for Research and Innovation in Biomedicine (IRIB) , Rouen , France.

Abstract

Chemotactic migration is a fundamental behavior of cells and its regulation is particularly relevant in physiological processes such as organogenesis and angiogenesis, as well as in pathological processes such as tumor metastasis. The majority of chemotactic stimuli activate cell surface receptors that belong to the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily. Although the autophagy machinery has been shown to play a role in cell migration, its mode of regulation by chemotactic GPCRs remains largely unexplored. We found that ligand-induced activation of 2 chemotactic GPCRs, the chemokine receptor CXCR4 and the urotensin 2 receptor UTS2R, triggers a marked reduction in the biogenesis of autophagosomes, in both HEK-293 and U87 glioblastoma cells. Chemotactic GPCRs exert their anti-autophagic effects through the activation of CAPNs, which prevent the formation of pre-autophagosomal vesicles from the plasma membrane. We further demonstrated that CXCR4- or UTS2R-induced inhibition of autophagy favors the formation of adhesion complexes to the extracellular matrix and is required for chemotactic migration. Altogether, our data reveal a new link between GPCR signaling and the autophagy machinery, and may help to envisage therapeutic strategies in pathological processes such as cancer cell invasion.

KEYWORDS:

CXCR4; GPCR; autophagosome biogenesis; cell adhesion; chemotactic migration; urotensin II

PMID:
27715446
PMCID:
PMC5173274
DOI:
10.1080/15548627.2016.1235125
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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