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Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2016 Oct 17;55(43):13384-13397. doi: 10.1002/anie.201600438. Epub 2016 Jul 1.

Two-Dimensional-Material Membranes: A New Family of High-Performance Separation Membranes.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu National Synergetic Innovation Center for Advanced Materials, Nanjing Tech University (former Nanjing University of Technology), 5 Xinmofan Road, Nanjing, 210009, China.
2
State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu National Synergetic Innovation Center for Advanced Materials, Nanjing Tech University (former Nanjing University of Technology), 5 Xinmofan Road, Nanjing, 210009, China. wqjin@njtech.edu.cn.

Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) materials of atomic thickness have emerged as nano-building blocks to develop high-performance separation membranes that feature unique nanopores and/or nanochannels. These 2D-material membranes exhibit extraordinary permeation properties, opening a new avenue to ultra-fast and highly selective membranes for water and gas separation. Summarized in this Minireview are the latest ground-breaking studies in 2D-material membranes as nanosheet and laminar membranes, with a focus on starting materials, nanostructures, and transport properties. Challenges and future directions of 2D-material membranes for wide implementation are discussed briefly.

KEYWORDS:

graphene; membranes; separation; two-dimensional materials

PMID:
27364759
DOI:
10.1002/anie.201600438

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