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Mol Imaging Radionucl Ther. 2016 Feb 5;25(1):1-10. doi: 10.4274/mirt.49389.

Nuclear Medicine Imaging in Pediatric Neurology.

Author information

1
Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Ankara, Turkey Phone: +90 312 202 61 75 E-mail: uoakdemir@gazi.edu.tr.

Abstract

in English, Turkish

Nuclear medicine imaging can provide important complementary information in the management of pediatric patients with neurological diseases. Pre-surgical localization of the epileptogenic focus in medically refractory epilepsy patients is the most common indication for nuclear medicine imaging in pediatric neurology. In patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, nuclear medicine imaging is particularly useful when magnetic resonance imaging findings are normal or its findings are discordant with electroencephalogram findings. In pediatric patients with brain tumors, nuclear medicine imaging can be clinically helpful in the diagnosis, directing biopsy, planning therapy, differentiating tumor recurrence from post-treatment sequelae, and assessment of response to therapy. Among other neurological diseases in which nuclear medicine has proved to be useful are patients with head trauma, inflammatory-infectious diseases and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.

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