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J Mass Spectrom. 2016 Jun;51(6):424-9. doi: 10.1002/jms.3766.

Surface acoustic wave nebulization device with dual interdigitated transducers improves SAWN-MS performance.

Author information

1
Deurion, LLC, Seattle, WA, USA.
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
3
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
4
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA.
5
School of Science & Technology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK.
6
Department of Chemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Abstract

We compared mass spectrometric (MS) performance of surface acoustic wave nebulization (SAWN) generated by a single interdigitated transducer (IDT) designed to produce a progressive wave (PW) to one with a dual IDT that can in theory generate standing waves (SW). Given that devices using dual IDTs had been shown to produce fewer large size droplets on average, we hypothesized they would improve MS performance by improving the efficiency of desolvation. Indeed, the SW-SAWN chip provided an improved limit of detection of 1 femtomole of peptide placed on chip making it 100× more sensitive than the PW design. However, as measured by high-speed image recording and phase Doppler particle analyzer measurements, there was only a 26% increase in the small diameter (1-10 µm) droplets produced from the new device, precluding a conclusion that the decrease in droplet size was solely responsible for the improvement in MS signal/noise. Given that the dual IDT design produced a more instantaneous plume than the PW design, the more likely contributor to improved MS signal/noise was concluded to be a higher ion flux entering the mass spectrometer for the dual IDT designs. Notably, the dual IDT device allowed production of much higher quality protein mass spectra up to about 20 kDa, compared with the single IDT device.

KEYWORDS:

SAWN; SAWN-MS; mass spectrometry; standing wave; surface acoustic wave nebulization

PMID:
27270865
DOI:
10.1002/jms.3766

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