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J Health Psychol. 2017 Sep;22(11):1415-1425. doi: 10.1177/1359105316628739. Epub 2016 Mar 1.

Psychosocial correlates of alcohol and other substance use among low-income adolescents in peri-urban Johannesburg, South Africa: A focus on gender differences.

Author information

1
1 Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
2
2 Perinatal HIV Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
3
3 Department of Psychology and Neuroscience and Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
4
4 Division of Women's Health, Brigham and Women's Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

Alcohol and other drug use is prevalent among peri-urban, South African adolescents. We identified correlates of alcohol and other drug use by gender among adolescents (age = 16-18 years; N = 822) in peri-urban Johannesburg. Interviewer-administered surveys assessed sexual activity, alcohol and other drug use, and relevant psychosocial factors. In separate logistic regression models of alcohol and other drug use stratified by gender, violence exposure and sexual activity were associated with alcohol use for both males and females. For females only, depressive symptoms were associated with drug use. For males only, being older and sexually active were associated with drug use. Substance use interventions for South African adolescents should consider psychological health, sexual health, and tailoring by gender.

KEYWORDS:

adolescence; alcohol; depression; drinking; drugs; sexual health

PMID:
26936502
PMCID:
PMC5237616
DOI:
10.1177/1359105316628739
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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