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Am J Surg. 2016 Feb;211(2):451-457.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2015.10.004. Epub 2015 Nov 19.

Effectiveness of the Surgery Core Clerkship Flipped Classroom: a prospective cohort trial.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Goodman Surgical Education Center, Stanford School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive, H3552, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA. Electronic address: cara.liebert@stanford.edu.
2
Department of Surgery, Goodman Surgical Education Center, Stanford School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive, H3552, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.
3
Department of Surgery, Goodman Surgical Education Center, Stanford School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive, H3552, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA; Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.
4
Department of Surgery, Goodman Surgical Education Center, Stanford School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive, H3552, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA; Stanford Center for Medical Education Research and Innovation, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The flipped classroom has been proposed as an alternative curricular approach to traditional didactic lectures but has not been previously applied to a surgery clerkship.

METHODS:

A 1-year prospective cohort of students (n = 89) enrolled in the surgery clerkship was taught using a flipped classroom approach. A historical cohort of students (n = 92) taught with a traditional lecture curriculum was used for comparison. Pretest and post-test performance, end-of-clerkship surveys, and National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) scores were analyzed to assess effectiveness.

RESULTS:

Mean pretest and post-test scores increased across all modules (P < .001). There was no difference between mean NBME examination score in the prospective and historical cohorts (74.75 vs 75.74, P = .28). Mean ratings of career interest in surgery increased after curriculum completion (4.75 to 6.50, P < .001), with 90% reporting that the flipped classroom contributed to this increase.

CONCLUSIONS:

Implementation of a flipped classroom in the surgery clerkship is feasible and results in high learner satisfaction, effective knowledge acquisition, and increased career interest in surgery with noninferior NBME performance.

KEYWORDS:

Clerkship; Flipped classroom; Medical student; Surgery

PMID:
26687962
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjsurg.2015.10.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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