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Br J Radiol. 2016;89(1058):20150495. doi: 10.1259/bjr.20150495. Epub 2015 Dec 7.

Detection of bladder cancer: comparison of low-dose scans with AIDR 3D and routine-dose scans with FBP on the excretory phase in CT urography.

Author information

1
1 Department of Radiology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Japan.
2
2 Department of Radiology, Osaka University School of Medicine, Suita, Japan.
3
3 Department of Radiology, Kinki University School of Medicine, Osaka-Sayama, Japan.
4
4 Department of Urology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To prospectively compare the detection of bladder cancer between low-dose scans with adaptive iterative dose reduction three dimensional projection (AIDR 3D) and routine-dose scans with filtered back projection (FBP) on the excretory phase (EP) in CT urography.

METHODS:

42 patients were included. Routine- and low-dose EP were performed in each patient. Routine-dose images were reconstructed with FBP, and low-dose images were reconstructed with AIDR 3D. Two radiologists scored confidence levels for the presence or absence of bladder cancer using a 5-point scale. The CT dose index of each EP was measured, and the dose reduction was calculated.

RESULTS:

Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 86.4%, 95.0% and 90.5% on routine-dose scans and were 86.4%, 90.0% and 88.1% on low-dose scans, respectively. There was no significant difference (p; not significant, 1.00 and 1.00, respectively). The average CT dose index was 8.07 and 2.63 mGy on routine- and low-dose scans, and the ratio of dose reduction was 67.6%.

CONCLUSION:

The detection of bladder cancer on low-dose scans with AIDR 3D is almost equal to that on routine-dose scans with FBP on the EP, with nearly 70% dose reduction.

ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE:

Using AIDR 3D, the radiation dose may be reduced on the EP in CT urography for the detection of bladder cancer.

PMID:
26642306
PMCID:
PMC4985198
DOI:
10.1259/bjr.20150495
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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