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Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:716042. doi: 10.1155/2015/716042. Epub 2015 Oct 25.

Relationships of Balance, Gait Performance, and Functional Outcome in Chronic Stroke Patients: A Comparison of Left and Right Lesions.

Author information

1
Clinical Research Center, Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, Rua Domingo de Soto 100, Vila Mariana, 04116-030 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
2
Clinical Research Center, Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, Rua Domingo de Soto 100, Vila Mariana, 04116-030 São Paulo, SP, Brazil ; Health Promotion and Physical Therapy Faculty, São Paulo Adventist University Center, São Paulo, Brazil.
3
Clinical Research Center, Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, Rua Domingo de Soto 100, Vila Mariana, 04116-030 São Paulo, SP, Brazil ; School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

This study compared the balance by center of pressure (COP) and its relationship with gait parameters and functional independence in left (LH) and right (RH) chronic stroke patients.

METHODS:

In this cross-sectional study, twenty-one hemiparetic stroke patients were assessed for Functional Independence Measure (FIM), balance with a force platform, and gait in the Motion Analysis Laboratory.

RESULTS:

The amplitudes of the COP in the anteroposterior and mediolateral directions were similar in both groups. The anteroposterior direction was greater than the mediolateral direction. Only the temporal parameters showed any statistically significant differences. The LH showed a significant correlation between stride length, step length, and gait velocity with COP velocity sway for the healthy and paretic lower limbs. In both groups, the area of COP was significantly correlated with stride length. Motor FIM was significantly correlated with the COP in the LH group.

CONCLUSION:

There was no difference in the performance of balance, gait, and functional independence between groups. The correlation of the COP sway area with stride length in both groups can serve as a guideline in the rehabilitation of these patients where training the static balance may reflect the improvement of the stride length.

PMID:
26583129
PMCID:
PMC4637081
DOI:
10.1155/2015/716042
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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