Send to

Choose Destination
Breast. 2015 Oct;24(5):680-6. doi: 10.1016/j.breast.2015.08.007. Epub 2015 Sep 11.

Factors affecting recall rate and false positive fraction in breast cancer screening with breast tomosynthesis - A statistical approach.

Author information

Epidemiology and Register Centre South, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden. Electronic address:
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Translational Medicine Malmö, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
Epidemiology and Register Centre South, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden; Orthopaedics, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.


In this study, we investigate which factors affect the false positive fraction (FPF) for digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) compared to digital mammography (DM) in a screening population by using classification and regression trees (C&RT) and binary marginal generalized linear models. The data was obtained from the Malmö Breast Tomosynthesis Screening Trial, which aimed to compare the performance of DBT to DM in breast cancer screening. By using data from the first half of the study population (7500 women), a tree with the recall probability for different groups was calculated. The effect of age and breast density on the FPF was estimated using a binary marginal generalized linear model. Our results show that breast density and breast cancer were the main factors influencing recall. The FPF is mainly affected by breast density and increases with breast density for DBT and DM. In conclusion, the results obtained with C&RT are easy to interpret and similar to those obtained using binary marginal generalized linear models. The FPF is approximately 40% higher for DBT compared to DM for all breast density categories.


Binary marginal generalized linear models; Breast cancer screening; Classification and regression trees; Digital breast tomosynthesis; Digital mammography; Generalized estimating equations

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center