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Brain Lang. 2015 Oct;149:55-65. doi: 10.1016/j.bandl.2015.06.009. Epub 2015 Jul 14.

Complex linguistic rules modulate early auditory brain responses.

Author information

1
Département d'Etudes Cognitives, Ecole Normale Supérieure - PSL Research University, 75005 Paris, France; Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et de Psycholinguistique (EHESS, CNRS, ENS), 75005 Paris, France; Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, IFD, 75005 Paris, France.
2
Département d'Etudes Cognitives, Ecole Normale Supérieure - PSL Research University, 75005 Paris, France; INSERM U955, team 01 "NeuroPsychologie Interventionnelle", 94000 Créteil, France; Université Paris-Est, Faculté de Médecine, 94000 Créteil, France.
3
Laboratoire de Phonétique et de Phonologie (CNRS, Sorbonne Nouvelle), 75005 Paris, France; Laboratoire d'Informatique pour la Mécanique et les Sciences de l'Ingénieur (CNRS, UPMC, Université Paris Sud), 91400 Orsay, France.
4
Département d'Etudes Cognitives, Ecole Normale Supérieure - PSL Research University, 75005 Paris, France; Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et de Psycholinguistique (EHESS, CNRS, ENS), 75005 Paris, France.
5
Département d'Etudes Cognitives, Ecole Normale Supérieure - PSL Research University, 75005 Paris, France; INSERM U955, team 01 "NeuroPsychologie Interventionnelle", 94000 Créteil, France; Université Paris-Est, Faculté de Médecine, 94000 Créteil, France; AP-HP, Centre de Référence Maladie de Huntington, Unité de Neurologie Cognitive, Hôpital Henri Mondor, 94000 Créteil, France.
6
Département d'Etudes Cognitives, Ecole Normale Supérieure - PSL Research University, 75005 Paris, France; INSERM U955, team 01 "NeuroPsychologie Interventionnelle", 94000 Créteil, France; Université Paris-Est, Faculté de Médecine, 94000 Créteil, France. Electronic address: charlotte.jacquemot@ens.fr.

Abstract

During speech perception, listeners compensate for phonological rules of their language. For instance, English place assimilation causes green boat to be typically pronounced as greem boat; English listeners, however, perceptually compensate for this rule and retrieve the intended sound (n). Previous research using EEG has focused on rules with clear phonetic underpinnings, showing that perceptual compensation occurs at an early stage of speech perception. We tested whether this early mechanism also accounts for the compensation for more complex rules. We examined compensation for French voicing assimilation, a rule with abstract phonological restrictions on the contexts in which it applies. Our results reveal that perceptual compensation for this rule by French listeners modulates an early ERP component. This is evidence that early stages of speech sound categorization are sensitive to complex phonological rules of the native language.

KEYWORDS:

Assimilation; Electroencephalography; Mismatch negativity; Phonological rules; Speech perception

PMID:
26186230
DOI:
10.1016/j.bandl.2015.06.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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