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Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2015 Jun;6(4):463-72. doi: 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2015.03.014. Epub 2015 Apr 14.

Vector potential and population dynamics for Amblyomma inornatum.

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Department of Biology and Chemistry, Texas A&M International University, Laredo, TX 78043, United States.
Department of Applied Biology, Kettering University, Flint, MI 48504, United States.
Department of Biology, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, TN 38506, United States. Electronic address:


We studied the natural life cycle of Amblyomma inornatum and its vector potential in South Texas. This tick is distributed throughout South Texas and most of Central America. A. inornatum represented 1.91% of the ticks collected by carbon dioxide traps during a study of free-living ticks in the Tamaulipan Biotic Province in South Texas. The life cycle of A. inornatum in South Texas showed a clear seasonal pattern consistent with one generation per year. Nymphs emerged in the spring with a peak in February through May. Adults emerged in the summer with a peak in July through September. Detection of A. inornatum larvae was negatively correlated with saturation deficit and positively correlated with rain in the previous few months. Adult activity was positively correlated with temperature and rain in the previous five weeks. Using PCR we detected the presence of species related to Candidatus Borrelia lonestari, Borrelia burgdorferi, Rickettsia species (Candidatus Rickettsia amblyommii), Ehrlichia chaffeensis, and another Ehrlichia related to Ehrlichia ewingii. Finally we sequenced the mitochondrial 16S rRNA genes and found that A. inornatum is most closely related to Amblyomma parvum. This is the first report of the life cycle, vector potential and phylogeny of A. inornatum.


Amblyomma inornatum; Borrelia; Ecology; Life cycle

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