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Environ Pollut. 2015 Aug;203:122-129. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2015.03.035. Epub 2015 Apr 11.

Heteroaggregation, transformation and fate of CeO₂ nanoparticles in wastewater treatment.

Author information

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Duke University, P.O. Box 90287, Durham, NC 27708-0287, USA; CEREGE, UMR 7330, CNRS, Aix-Marseille Université, UM 34, 13545 Aix en Provence, France; Center for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology CEINT, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0287, USA; International Consortium for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology iCEINT, CNRS, Aix en Provence, France.
2
CEREGE, UMR 7330, CNRS, Aix-Marseille Université, UM 34, 13545 Aix en Provence, France; International Consortium for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology iCEINT, CNRS, Aix en Provence, France.
3
Elettra-Sincrotrone, 34149 Basovizza, Trieste, Italy.
4
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Duke University, P.O. Box 90287, Durham, NC 27708-0287, USA; Center for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology CEINT, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0287, USA. Electronic address: wiesner@duke.edu.

Abstract

Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs) are a key pathway by which nanoparticles (NPs) enter the environment following release from NP-enabled products. This work considers the fate and exposure of CeO2 NPs in WWTPs in a two-step process of heteroaggregation with bacteria followed by the subsequent reduction of Ce(IV) to Ce(III). Measurements of NP association with solids in sludge were combined with experimental estimates of reduction rate constants for CeO2 NPs in Monte Carlo simulations to predict the concentrations and speciation of Ce in WWTP effluents and biosolids. Experiments indicated preferential accumulation of CeO2 NPs in biosolids where reductive transformation would occur. Surface functionalization was observed to impact both the distribution coefficient and the rates of transformation. The relative affinity of CeO2 NPs for bacterial suspensions in sludge appears to explain differences in the observed rates of Ce reduction for the two types of CeO2 NPs studied.

KEYWORDS:

CeO(2) nanoparticles; Exposure modeling; Transformation; Wastewater treatment

PMID:
25875163
DOI:
10.1016/j.envpol.2015.03.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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