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Curr Med Res Opin. 2015 Jun;31(6):1201-43. doi: 10.1185/03007995.2015.1032917. Epub 2015 Apr 23.

Fesoterodine clinical efficacy and safety for the treatment of overactive bladder in relation to patient profiles: a systematic review.

Author information

1
The Royal Hallamshire Hospital , Sheffield , United Kingdom.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To summarize published evidence on the pharmacology, efficacy, and safety of fesoterodine for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms in relation to patient clinical and demographic profiles.

METHODS:

A systematic review of published articles on fesoterodine was conducted via a PubMed search. Articles were identified using the search term fesoterodine, with limits of human species and abstract available. Review and meta-analysis articles, validation studies, articles focused on treatment compliance/adherence, meeting abstracts, and articles not focused on oral fesoterodine administration in human subjects were excluded. Data from retained articles were summarized descriptively.

RESULTS:

Of 137 articles identified, 61 (15 articles on the pharmacology and 46 articles on the efficacy and/or safety of fesoterodine) met inclusion criteria. Superiority trials demonstrated the additional efficacy of fesoterodine 8 mg versus fesoterodine 4 mg and tolterodine extended release 4 mg in treating OAB. Prospective trials in specific patient populations indicated beneficial effects of fesoterodine in elderly patients, vulnerable elderly patients, patients dissatisfied with or with a suboptimal response to previous antimuscarinic therapy, patients with urge urinary incontinence (UUI) or nocturnal urgency, and men with persistent LUTS during alpha-blocker treatment. With two effective doses, the fesoterodine dose can be adjusted to achieve optimal efficacy and tolerability in individual patients. The most common adverse events during fesoterodine treatment are dry mouth and constipation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Extensive evidence demonstrates the efficacy and safety of fesoterodine in relieving OAB symptoms, including urgency, urinary frequency, UUI, and nocturnal urgency, in patients with various clinical and demographic profiles. Trial results provide valuable information on fesoterodine treatment in specific patient populations, including both elderly and vulnerable elderly patients. Potential limitations of this review are that only English language articles in PubMed were searched and included.

KEYWORDS:

Drug dose-response relationship; Elderly; Fesoterodine; Nocturia; Overactive bladder; Quality of life; Urge urinary incontinence

PMID:
25798911
DOI:
10.1185/03007995.2015.1032917
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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