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Inflammation. 2015 Aug;38(4):1563-72. doi: 10.1007/s10753-015-0131-3.

Celecoxib Combined with Diacerein Effectively Alleviates Osteoarthritis in Rats via Regulating JNK and p38MAPK Signaling Pathways.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, No. 1 Jianshe East Road, 450052, Zhengzhou, Henan, People's Republic of China,


Osteoarthritis (OA) has long been a difficult to overcome joint disease for medical workers. However, there is still a lack of effective treatments for OA. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the treatment effect of celecoxib (CLX) combined with diacerein (DC) on OA and delineate the underlying molecular mechanism. The OA model was established by using rats, and OA rats were treated with either CLX alone, DC alone, and CLX combined with DC. The results showed that, as compared with a single treatment of CLX or DC, CLX combined with DC markedly attenuated OA and inhibited the levels of inflammatory mediators interleukin-1β and nitric oxide, improved bone cartilage metabolism, and suppressed chondrocyte apoptosis. Most importantly, CLX combined with DC significantly inactivated the c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) signaling pathway by the inhibition of MEKK1 and MKK7, as detected by Western blot analysis. Furthermore, the protein expression of downstream genes of JNK, including activating-transcription factor (Atf-2), matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13), and cyclooxygenase (COX-2), were also significantly inhibited by CLX combined with DC as compared with single treatments. Furthermore, CLX combined with DC also effectively inhibits p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and nuclear factor-κB signaling pathways. Taken together, our study suggests that CLX combined with DC has satisfactory treatment effects on OA via a stronger inhibitory effect on inflammatory signaling pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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