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Malays Fam Physician. 2008 Dec 31;3(3):128-30. eCollection 2008.

Understanding and preventing computer vision syndrome.

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MMed, Department of Family Medicine, International Medical University, Seremban, Malaysia.
FRCOphth (London), UCSI University, Malaysia.


The invention of computer and advancement in information technology has revolutionized and benefited the society but at the same time has caused symptoms related to its usage such as ocular sprain, irritation, redness, dryness, blurred vision and double vision. This cluster of symptoms is known as computer vision syndrome which is characterized by the visual symptoms which result from interaction with computer display or its environment. Three major mechanisms that lead to computer vision syndrome are extraocular mechanism, accommodative mechanism and ocular surface mechanism. The visual effects of the computer such as brightness, resolution, glare and quality all are known factors that contribute to computer vision syndrome. Prevention is the most important strategy in managing computer vision syndrome. Modification in the ergonomics of the working environment, patient education and proper eye care are crucial in managing computer vision syndrome.


Computer vision syndrome; ergonomics; ocular strain; prevention


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