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Sci Rep. 2014 Oct 22;4:6716. doi: 10.1038/srep06716.

Human iPS cell-engineered cardiac tissue sheets with cardiomyocytes and vascular cells for cardiac regeneration.

Author information

1
1] Department of Cell Growth and Differentiation, Center for iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan [2] Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.
2
Department of Cell Growth and Differentiation, Center for iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
3
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.
4
Institute of Advanced Biomedical Engineering and Science, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

To realize cardiac regeneration using human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs), strategies for cell preparation, tissue engineering and transplantation must be explored. Here we report a new protocol for the simultaneous induction of cardiomyocytes (CMs) and vascular cells [endothelial cells (ECs)/vascular mural cells (MCs)], and generate entirely hiPSC-engineered cardiovascular cell sheets, which showed advantageous therapeutic effects in infarcted hearts. The protocol adds to a previous differentiation protocol of CMs by using stage-specific supplementation of vascular endothelial cell growth factor for the additional induction of vascular cells. Using this cell sheet technology, we successfully generated physically integrated cardiac tissue sheets (hiPSC-CTSs). HiPSC-CTS transplantation to rat infarcted hearts significantly improved cardiac function. In addition to neovascularization, we confirmed that engrafted human cells mainly consisted of CMs in >40% of transplanted rats four weeks after transplantation. Thus, our HiPSC-CTSs show promise for cardiac regenerative therapy.

PMID:
25336194
PMCID:
PMC4205838
DOI:
10.1038/srep06716
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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