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Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Nov;44(11):1478-84. doi: 10.1007/s00247-014-3135-5. Epub 2014 Oct 21.

ESPR uroradiology task force imaging recommendations in paediatric uroradiology, part VII: standardised terminology, impact of existing recommendations, and update on contrast-enhanced ultrasound of the paediatric urogenital tract.

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Department of Radiology, Division of Pediatric Radiology, University Hospital LKH Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 34, A-8036, Graz, Austria,


Our purpose is to harmonise and standardise terminology in paediatric uroradiology, to provide and update recommendations for contrast-enhanced US to standardise imaging and encourage further research, and to assess the impact of the existing recommendations in paediatric urogenital imaging. Based on thorough review of literature and variable practice at several centres and after discussion within urogenital imaging groups as well as with other subspecialties, we propose a standardisation of terminology in urogenital imaging. An update with recommendations on paediatric contrast-enhanced US has been issued based on available literature and reports. Finally, a questionnaire has been used to assess the knowledge, applicability and usefulness of, and the adherence to existing recommendations of the European Society of Paediatric Radiology (ESPR) Uroradiology Task Force. In conclusion, the ESPR is working to improve patient safety and optimise paediatric urogenital imaging. Standardisation of terminology and provision of updated knowledge on contrast-enhanced US in childhood will contribute to this task, ideally reducing the need for invasive or radiating imaging. Not all existing recommendations are commonly known, which limits adherence to these recommendations and the availability of comparable data and evidence for future adaptation of imaging strategies in paediatric uroradiology.

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