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Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2014 Oct;28(7):967-76. doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2014.07.006. Epub 2014 Jul 17.

Recurrent vulvovaginitis.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Medicine, Drexel Vaginitis Center, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: powell.am@gmail.com.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Medicine, Drexel Vaginitis Center, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Abstract

Vulvovaginitis (VV) is one of the most commonly encountered problems by a gynecologist. Many women frequently self-treat with over-the-counter medications, and may present to their health-care provider after a treatment failure. Vulvovaginal candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis, and trichomoniasis may occur as discreet or recurrent episodes, and have been associated with significant treatment cost and morbidity. We present an update on diagnostic capabilities and treatment modalities that address recurrent and refractory episodes of VV.

KEYWORDS:

bacterial vaginosis; trichomoniasis; vaginitis; vulvaginal candidiasis

PMID:
25220102
DOI:
10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2014.07.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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