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Biol Met. 1989;2(1):25-30.

Dental amalgam and mercury.

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Department of Environmental Hygiene, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.


Mercury concentration in intraoral air and urine of seven females with dental amalgam was measured before and after intake of one hard-boiled egg. A considerable decrease in mercury concentration in intraoral air was found. Twenty women with about equal dental amalgam status, with or without subjective symptoms related to dental amalgam, were also studied. Mercury concentrations in intraoral air and urine were measured. For all the 27 women the basal intraoral air concentration of mercury ranged over 0.6-10.4 micrograms/m3 (median value 4.3 micrograms/m3). This corresponds to a release of 0.02-0.38 ng/s (median value 0.16 ng/s). In urine, the mercury concentration varied from less than 0.8-6.9 micrograms/g creatinine (median value 1.9 microgram/g creatinine). Data from both parameters were significantly correlated to the total number of teeth areas with dental amalgam. Protein values in urine indicated no renal damage. Maximum concentrations of mercury vapour in intraoral air for the 27 women who had chewed chewing gum for 5 min varied between 2-60 micrograms Hg/m3 (median value 19 micrograms Hg/m3). This corresponds to 0.07-2.20 ng Hg/s and a median value of 0.70 ng Hg/s.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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