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Urology. 2014 May;83(5):1071-4. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2014.01.029. Epub 2014 Mar 25.

Clinical outcome of microsurgical varicocelectomy in infertile men with severe oligozoospermia.

Author information

1
Division of Urology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan. Electronic address: nenatsu@med.kobe-u.ac.jp.
2
Division of Urology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the outcome of microsurgical varicocelectomy in infertile men with severe oligozoospermia and to identify the predictive parameters associated with the efficacy of microsurgical varicocelectomy in this cohort of patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This study included 102 consecutive severe oligozoospermic patients who underwent microsurgical varicocelectomy between 2000 and 2013. The significance of several parameters as predictors of response to microsurgical varicocelectomy was evaluated using univariate and multivariate analyses. Responders were defined as those who fulfilled the following criteria: (1) sperm motility rate improved after surgery and (2) sperm concentration increased from <1 × 10(6)/mL to ≥ 5 × 10(6)/mL or from 1-5 × 10(6)/mL to ≥ 10 × 10(6)/mL.

RESULTS:

After the mean postoperative observation period of 8.2 months, the mean sperm concentration increased from 2.4 to 11.6 million/mL (P <.001), and the mean sperm motility improved from 32.8% to 42.2% (P = .0024). There were no significant differences in the levels of hormonal parameters between the preoperative and postoperative measurements. Of the 102 patients, 42 (41.1%) were determined to be responders, and the wives of 17 (16.7%) conceived naturally. Univariate analysis identified preoperative sperm concentration (≥ 2.0 vs <2.0 million/mL) and laterality of varicocele (bilateral vs unilateral) as significant predictors of response to varicocelectomy. Only preoperative sperm concentration appeared to be independently related to the efficacy of varicocelectomy in men with severe oligozoospermia on multivariate analysis.

CONCLUSION:

Varicocelectomy may improve the sperm quality and fertility potential in men with severe oligozoospermia, particularly for those with relatively high sperm concentration.

PMID:
24674115
DOI:
10.1016/j.urology.2014.01.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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