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Behav Res Ther. 2014 Apr;55:48-53. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2014.02.003. Epub 2014 Feb 26.

Cognitive-behavioral group depression prevention compared to bibliotherapy and brochure control: nonsignificant effects in pilot effectiveness trial with college students.

Author information

1
Oregon Research Institute, 1776 Millrace Drive, Eugene, OR 97403, USA. Electronic address: paulr@ori.org.
2
Oregon Research Institute, 1776 Millrace Drive, Eugene, OR 97403, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Conduct a pilot trial testing whether a brief cognitive-behavioral (CB) group reduced depressive symptoms and secondary outcomes relative to bibliotherapy and brochure controls in college students with elevated depressive symptoms.

METHOD:

82 college students (M age=19.0, SD=0.9; 70% female, 80% White) with elevated self-assessed depressive symptoms were randomized to a 6-session CB group, bibliotherapy, or educational brochure control condition, completing assessments at pretest, posttest, and at 6- and 12-month follow-up.

RESULTS:

Planned contrasts found no significant effects for CB group on depressive symptoms compared to either bibliotherapy or brochure controls at posttest (d=-.08 and .06, respectively) or over follow-up (d=-.04 and -.10, respectively). There were no intervention effects for social adjustment and substance use, though CB group participants had improved knowledge of CB concepts at posttest, versus brochure controls. Condition differences in major depression onset were nonsignificant but suggested support for CB interventions (CB group=7.4%, bibliotherapy=4.5%, brochure control=15.2%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Unexpectedly modest support was found for a brief CB group depression prevention intervention, compared to bibliotherapy or brochure control, when provided to self-selected college students, suggesting that alternative screening or interventions approaches are needed for this population.

KEYWORDS:

Bibliotherapy; Cognitive-behavioral; College students; Depression; Prevention

PMID:
24655464
PMCID:
PMC3990276
DOI:
10.1016/j.brat.2014.02.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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