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PLoS One. 2014 Feb 25;9(2):e89945. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0089945. eCollection 2014.

Kappa free light chains: diagnostic and prognostic relevance in MS and CIS.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Wilhelminenspital, Vienna, Austria.
2
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Wilhelminenspital, Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Quantification of kappa free light chains (KFLC) in cerebrospinal fluid shows high diagnostic sensitivity in multiple sclerosis and clinically isolated syndrome patients. However, a clearly defined threshold value is still missing and a possible prognostic value of the KFLC levels in these patients remains undefined.

METHODS:

Results of KFLC quantification in 420 controls were used to set an upper limit of normal KFLC concentration in CSF under different blood-CSF-barrier conditions. Additionally, KFLC values of MS and CIS patients were assessed and results were evaluated with reference to the patients corresponding disease courses.

RESULTS:

The calculated upper limit of normal KFLC-concentration covers 98% of these control patients. Using this cut-off, plasma cell activity in CSF can be detected in 97% of MS patients and in 97% of CIS patients. However, there is no evidence that the extent of KFLC elevation provides prognostic value in MS and CIS patients in this study.

CONCLUSION:

KFLC determination should become a first line screen in the diagnostic algorithms of MS and CIS. The extent of elevation of intrathecal KFLC has no prognostic value on the disease course in MS and CIS patients.

PMID:
24651567
PMCID:
PMC3940961
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0089945
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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