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J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc. 2013 Sep 1;14(3):130-5. doi: 10.5152/jtgga.2013.02679. eCollection 2013.

Does Aquaporin-1 expression have clinical significance in serous epithelial ovarian cancer?

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynecological Oncology, Başkent University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
Department of Pathology, Başkent University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.


in English, Turkish


To assess the relationship between Aquaporin-1 (AQP1) expression and clinicopathological variables in serous epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC).


Serous EOC cases treated in our institution between January 2007 and December 2009 were included in the study. A semi-quantitative immunohistochemical method was used to determine AQP1 expression levels, intratumoral microvessel density (IMD) and AQP1/IMD ratios. The relationship between these parameters and clinicopathological variables were assessed. P values less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.


A total of 55 cases of serous EOC were included in the study. AQP1 was strongly expressed in the membranes of microvessels and small vessels within all tumor tissues. In a few cases, AQP1 expression was also observed in the membrane of interstitial cells and in individual tumor cells. A positive correlation was detected between preoperative CA125 levels and the expression of AQP1 (R: 0.277, p<0.05). AQP1 expression was similar between FIGO stage I-II and FIGO stage III-IV cases (p > 0.05). A significant relationship did not exist between AQP1 expression and FIGO stage, lymph node metastasis or ascites volume (p>0.05).


In this study, AQP1 expression did not have a significant association with important clinicopathological variables in serous EOC. Future studies are needed to determine AQP1 expression in other histological types of EOC.


Aquaporin-1; intratumoral microvessel density; serous epithelial ovarian cancer

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