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Expert Rev Anticancer Ther. 2014 Mar;14(3):255-65. doi: 10.1586/14737140.2014.894887.

Regorafenib in metastatic colorectal cancer.

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Department of Hematology and Oncology, Niguarda Cancer Center, Ospedale Niguarda Ca' Granda, Milan, Italy.


Regorafenib is an oral multikinase inhibitor that blocks the activity of protein kinases involved in the regulation of tumor angiogenesis (VEGFR1, 2, 3; angiopoietin-1 receptor), oncogenesis (stem cell growth factor receptor; RET; BRAF including BRAFV600E), and tumor microenvironment (PDGFR-β and FGFR). Based on data from the Phase III CORRECT study, regorafenib stands as a further option for patient affected by metastatic colorectal cancer who have exhausted previous available therapies. Its multi-targeted effect might explain activity in advanced lines of treatment, when cancer cells have been heavily challenged with previous lines of therapy and potentially developed multiple mechanisms of resistance, but also makes difficult to identify predictive biomarkers. In this article we examine preclinical as well as clinical data of regorafenib in the therapy of metastatic colorectal cancer, challenges for potential markers of efficacy and its role in the treatment algorithm.

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