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J Drugs Dermatol. 2014 Feb;13(2):154-60.

Efficacy and safety of ingenol mebutate 0.015% gel 3 weeks after cryosurgery of actinic keratosis: 11-week results.



Cryosurgery is the most common treatment for actinic keratosis (AK) in the United States. Efficacy with cryosurgery is variable, and is a modality for treating individual, visible lesions while failing to treat subclinical lesions.


FIELD Study 1 (NCT01541553) is a phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind study that evaluated the short- (11-week) and long- (12-month) term efficacy and safety of sequential AK treatment using cryosurgery with liquid nitrogen followed by ingenol mebutate gel, versus cryosurgery followed by vehicle.


Overall, 329 patients were randomized to ingenol mebutate 0.015% gel (n=167) or vehicle (n=162) 3 weeks after cryosurgery. Baseline characteristics were balanced across groups. At week 11, complete clearance rate (100%) in the treatment area was higher for ingenol mebutate gel compared with vehicle (60.5% vs 49.4%, respectively; P=.04). Mean percentage reduction in number of AKs versus baseline was also numerically higher for ingenol mebutate gel (82.7% vs 75.6%). A general reduction from baseline lesion count was observed 3 weeks after cryosurgery. Treatment after cryosurgery was well tolerated.


Short-term (11-week) AK clearance rates on the face or scalp with ingenol mebutate gel after cryosurgery were higher than with cryosurgery alone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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