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J Interprof Care. 2014 Mar;28(2):103-9. doi: 10.3109/13561820.2013.867839. Epub 2014 Jan 7.

The historical social positioning of nursing and medicine: implications for career choice, early socialization and interprofessional collaboration.

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1
School of Nursing, Dalhousie University , Halifax, Nova Scotia , Canada .

Abstract

For almost half a century, research has identified that effective teamwork is essential in order to enhance care provision and health outcomes for patients. Although the value of teamwork is well-recognized in healthcare, the historically rooted dynamics of workplace relationships create a myriad of challenges to creating collaborative teams. Understanding the history of interpersonal dynamics between health professionals can provide direction for future interprofessional education and collaboration strategies. The aim of this paper is to provide a historical overview of the social positioning of nursing and medicine in the context of interprofessional collaboration. Few professions work as closely as nursing and medicine. Despite the well-recognized benefits of interprofessional collaboration, these two professions are often socially positioned in opposition to one another and depicted as adversarial. This analysis will seek to advance our understanding of the historical roots between these two professions and their relationships with and among each other in relation to career choice, early socialization and patient care delivery. An exploration of the historical social positioning of nursing and medicine can provide an enhanced understanding of the barriers to interprofessional collaboration and inform future successes in interprofessional education and practice among all health and social care professions.

PMID:
24397599
DOI:
10.3109/13561820.2013.867839
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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