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J Autism Dev Disord. 2014 Jun;44(6):1447-60. doi: 10.1007/s10803-013-2010-9.

Engagement in vocational activities promotes behavioral development for adults with autism spectrum disorders.

Author information

1
Vanderbilt Kennedy Center, Peabody Box 40, 230 Appleton Place, Nashville, TN, 37203, USA, Julie.l.taylor@vanderbilt.edu.

Abstract

This study examined the bidirectional relations over time between behavioral functioning (autism symptoms, maladaptive behaviors, activities of daily living) and vocational/educational activities of adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Participants were 153 adults with ASD (M age = 30.2 years) who were part of a larger longitudinal study. Data were collected at two time points separated by 5.5 years. Cross-lag models were used, which accounted for stability over time while testing both directions of cross-lagged effects. Results suggested that greater vocational independence and engagement was related to subsequent reductions in autism symptoms and maladaptive behaviors, and improvements in activities of daily living. Relations between earlier behavioral variables (symptoms, behaviors, and activities of daily living) and later vocational independence were not statistically significant.

PMID:
24287880
PMCID:
PMC4024367
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-013-2010-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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