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Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2014 Feb;25(1):179-98. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2013.09.002.

Outcome instruments for prosthetics: clinical applications.

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Center for Rehabilitation Outcomes Research, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, 345 E Superior Street, Chicago, IL 60611, USA; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 710 North Lake Shore Drive, #1022, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. Electronic address:


Outcome measurement is crucial to assuring high-quality patient services and improving the quality of services provided by prosthetists. This article summarizes recent evidence on the measurement properties of outcome measures, and updates previously published summaries of outcome instruments. The review focuses on measures of mobility, functional status, quality of life, and patient satisfaction, and includes both performance-based and patient-reported outcomes. Amputation-specific and general measures that are suitable for patients served by prosthetists are discussed. It is encouraging that responsiveness of measures is often reported, as this information is needed to improve clinical utility.


Amputation; Artificial limbs; Assessment of patient outcomes; Outcome and process assessment (health care); Prostheses; Treatment outcome

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