Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Infect Dis. 2014 Jan 1;209(1):24-33. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jit540. Epub 2013 Oct 17.

Efficacy of influenza vaccination of elderly rhesus macaques is dramatically improved by addition of a cationic lipid/DNA adjuvant.

Author information

1
Center for Comparative Medicine.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The decreased immune response among elderly individuals results in reduced influenza vaccine efficacy. Strategies to improve vaccine efficacy in elderly individuals are needed. The goal of this study was to determine whether a cationic lipid/DNA complex (CLDC) can improve the efficacy of the trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine Fluzone in elderly nonhuman primates.

METHODS:

Elderly (age, >18 years) rhesus macaques were vaccinated with Fluzone, with or without CLDC, and challenged with a human seasonal influenza virus isolate, A/Memphis/7/2001(H1N1).

RESULTS:

We found that elderly macaques have significantly lower levels of circulating naive CD4(+) T cells, naive CD8(+) T cells, and B cells as compared to juvenile monkeys. Furthermore, on the day of challenge, recipients of Fluzone/CLDC had significantly higher plasma anti-influenza virus immunoglobulin G (P < .001) and immunoglobulin A (P < .001) titers than recipients of Fluzone alone. After virus challenge, only the Fluzone/CLDC-vaccinated animals had a significantly lower level of virus replication (P < .01) relative to the unvaccinated control animals.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results demonstrate that CLDC can enhance the immunogenicity and efficacy of a licensed TIV in immunosenescent elderly monkeys.

KEYWORDS:

CD8+ T cells; antibody titers; elderly; immunosenescence; inactivated vaccine; macaques; mucosal

Comment in

PMID:
24141979
PMCID:
PMC3864389
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/jit540
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center