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Mol Pain. 2013 Aug 21;9:43. doi: 10.1186/1744-8069-9-43.

S1 is associated with chronic low back pain: a functional and structural MRI study.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, Harvard Medical School, 120 2nd Ave,, Room 101, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA. kongj@nmr.mgh.harvard.edu.

Abstract

A fundamental characteristic of neural circuits is the capacity for plasticity in response to experience. Neural plasticity is associated with the development of chronic pain disorders. In this study, we investigated 1) brain resting state functional connectivity (FC) differences between patients with chronic low back pain (cLBP) and matched healthy controls (HC); 2) FC differences within the cLBP patients as they experienced different levels of endogenous low back pain evoked by exercise maneuvers, and 3) morphometric differences between cLBP patients and matched HC. We found the dynamic character of FC in the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) in cLBP patients, i.e., S1 FC decreased when the patients experienced low intensity LBP as compared with matched healthy controls, and FC at S1 increased when cLBP patients experienced high intensity LBP as compared with the low intensity condition. In addition, we also found increased cortical thickness in the bilateral S1 somatotopically associated with the lower back in cLBP patients as compared to healthy controls. Our results provide evidence of structural plasticity co-localized with areas exhibiting FC changes in S1 in cLBP patients.

PMID:
23965184
PMCID:
PMC3765748
DOI:
10.1186/1744-8069-9-43
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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