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Bioresour Technol. 2013 Sep;144:637-43. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2013.07.029. Epub 2013 Jul 13.

Screening high oleaginous Chlorella strains from different climate zones.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Algal Biology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, China.

Abstract

In outdoor cultivation, screening strains adapted to a wide temperature range or suitable strains for different environmental temperatures is of great importance. In this study, triacylglycerol (TAG) content of 23 oil-producing Chlorella strains from different climate zones were analyzed by thin layer chromatography. Four selected Chlorella strains (NJ-18, NJ-7, NMX35N and NMX139N) with rather high TAG content had higher total lipid content compared with Chlorella vulgaris SAG 211-11b. In particular, NJ-18 displayed the highest TAG productivity among the four high oil-producing Chlorella strains. Accumulation of TAGs in strain NMX35N changed a little from 30 to 40°C, showing a desirable characteristic of accumulating TAGs at high temperatures. Our results demonstrated that NJ-18 and NMX35N had suitable fatty acid profiles and good adaption to low and high temperatures respectively. Therefore, cultivation of the two Chlorella strains together might be a good option for economic biodiesel production during the whole seasons of the year.

KEYWORDS:

Biodiesel; Chlorella sp.; Fatty acids; Temperature; Triacylglycerol

PMID:
23899578
DOI:
10.1016/j.biortech.2013.07.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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