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Nutr Hosp. 2013 Mar-Apr;28(2):522-31. doi: 10.3305/nh.2013.28.2.6315.

Metabolic syndrome in healthcare personnel of the university of Antioquia-Colombia; LATINMETS study.

Author information

1
School of Nutrition and Dietetics, University of Antioquia, Colombia. laurag@pijaos.udea.edu.co

Abstract

in English, Spanish

INTRODUCTION:

Hypertension (HTN), atherogenic dyslipidemia, an increased glycemia in a fasting state, and abdominal obesity (AO), constitute a cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular disease named metabolic syndrome (MS).

OBJECTIVE:

To analyze the prevalence and distribution of MS and its components in healthcare personnel from the University of Antioquia.

METHODOLOGY:

Cross-sectional study conducted between 2010 and 2011. The collected data included anthropometrical, biochemical, socio-demographic, and lifestyle variables. The MS was diagnosed using the harmonized IDF/AHA definition. Descriptive and analytical statistical analyses were performed, including χ2 tests, and a = 0.05.

RESULTS:

285 volunteers (29.1% men) with ages between 20 and 61 years were included. 31.6% of participants were overweight with a Body Mass Index higher than 25 kg/m2 (BMI). AO (29.8%) and HTN (29.8%) were the most frequent components of MS. Global prevalence of MS was 17.5% (95%CI: 13.1; 22). There was a lower presence of MS among women (OR 0.328; 95%CI: 0.175; 0.614; p < 0.05), and a positive gradient with age and income. Likewise, the prevalence of MS was higher among smokers and those who are overweight (p < 0.05). After adjusting for age, MS was associated with sex (OR 0.348; 95%CI: 0.178; 0.680) and being overweight (OR 14.592; 95%CI: 6.343; 33.570).

CONCLUSION:

The most frequently observed components of MS in the studied sample were AO and HTN. BMI, sex, and socio-economic status are important independent risk factors associated with MS.

PMID:
23822707
DOI:
10.3305/nh.2013.28.2.6315
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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