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Curr Top Dev Biol. 2013;103:277-303. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-385979-2.00010-1.

High-throughput sequencing will metamorphose the analysis of thyroid hormone receptor function during amphibian development.

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Laboratoire d'Evolution des Regulations Endocrinienne, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Département Régulation, Développement et Diversité Moléculaire, UMR 7221 CNRS, Paris, France.


Amphibian metamorphosis is marked by dramatic thyroid hormone (T(3))-induced changes including de novo morphogenesis, tissue remodeling, and organ resorption through programmed cell death. These changes involve cascades of gene regulation initiated by thyroid hormone (TH). TH functions by regulating gene expression through TH receptors (TR). TR are DNA-binding transcription factors that belong to the steroid hormone receptor superfamily. In the absence of ligand, TR can repress gene expression by recruiting a corepressor complex, whereas liganded TR recruits a coactivator complex for gene activation. Earlier studies have led us to propose a dual function model for TR during development. In premetamorphic tadpoles, unliganded TR represses transcription involving corepressors. During metamorphosis, endogenous T(3) allows TR to activate gene expression. To fully understand the diversity of T(3) effects during metamorphosis, whole genome analysis of transcriptome and mechanism of TR action should be carried out. To this end, the new sequencing technologies have dramatically changed how fundamental questions in biology are being addressed and is now making the transition from technology development to being a standard for genomic and functional genomic analysis. This review focuses on the applications of high-throughput technologies to the field of amphibian metamorphosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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