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Ann Rheum Dis. 2013 Oct;72(10):1717-24. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2012-202403. Epub 2013 Jan 12.

Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase/visfatin expression by inflammatory monocytes mediates arthritis pathogenesis.

Author information

1
INSERM, U844, University Hospital Saint Eloi, Montpellier, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT)/pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor/visfatin exerts multiple functions and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. To gain insight into its role in arthritis and given that NAMPT is identified as a novel mediator of innate immunity, we addressed the function of monocyte-derived NAMPT in experimental arthritis by selective gene knockdown in inflammatory monocytes.

METHODS:

siRNA uptake and NAMPT expression were determined in Ly6Chigh and Ly6Clow monocyte subsets following intravenous injection of siRNA against NAMPT (siNAMPT) or non-targeting siRNA (siCT) formulated with the DMAPAP cationic liposome into mice. Mice with established collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) were treated weekly after disease onset with siNAMPT or siCT and clinical features were assessed. T-helper cell frequencies, cytokine production and percentage of IL-6-producing Ly6Chigh monocytes were analysed. Using a co-culture system consisting of purified CD14 monocytes and autologous CD4 T cells, NAMPT and cytokine production, and the percentage of IL-17-producing CD4 T cells, were determined following transfection of CD14 monocytes with siCT or siNAMPT.

RESULTS:

On intravenous injection, siRNA was preferentially engulfed by Ly6Chigh monocytes, and siRNA-mediated silencing of NAMPT expression in Ly6Chigh monocytes inhibited CIA progression. This effect was associated with reduced IL-6 production by Ly6Chigh monocytes, reduced proportion of Th17 cells and autoantibody titers, and decreased activation and infiltration of monocytes/macrophages and neutrophils in arthritic joints. Moreover, NAMPT-RNAi-silenced CD14 monocytes were found to reduce the percentage of IL-17-producing CD4 T cells in vitro.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results show that the expression of NAMPT in Ly6Chigh monocytes promotes many downstream effects involved in inflammatory arthritis and demonstrate the utility of targeting disease-causing genes, such as NAMPT, in Ly6Chigh monocytes for therapeutic intervention in arthritis.

KEYWORDS:

Arthritis; Cytokines; Inflammation

PMID:
23313810
DOI:
10.1136/annrheumdis-2012-202403
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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