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Indian J Anaesth. 2012 Sep;56(5):463-9. doi: 10.4103/0019-5049.103962.

Anaesthetic consideration for neonatal surgical emergencies.

Author information

1
Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, S. C. B. Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, India.

Abstract

A newborn requires constant vigilance, rapid recognition of the events and swift intervention during anaesthesia. The anaesthetic considerations in neonatal surgical emergencies are based on the physiological immaturity of various body systems, poor tolerance of the anaesthetic drugs, associated congenital disorders and considerations regarding the use of high concentration of oxygen. The main goal is for titration of anaesthetics to desired effects, while carefully monitoring of the cardiorespiratory status. The use of regional anaesthesia has shown to be safe and effective. Advancements in neonatology have resulted in the improvement of the survival of the premature and critically ill newborn babies. Most of the disorders previously considered as neonatal surgical emergencies in the past no longer require immediate surgery due to new technology and new methods of treating sick neonates. This article describes the common neonatal surgical emergencies and focuses on factors that affect the anaesthetic management of patients with these disorders.

KEYWORDS:

Anaesthesia; emergency surgeries; neonate

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