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Vaccine. 2012 Dec 14;30(52):7522-8. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.10.047. Epub 2012 Oct 25.

Effect of two injections of non-adjuvanted influenza A H1N1pdm2009 vaccine in renal transplant recipients: INSERM C09-32 TRANSFLUVAC trial.

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1
INSERM UMRS-945, Laboratoire Immunité et Infection, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière Paris, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Enhancing vaccine immunogenicity in kidney transplant recipients, particularly against influenza, is required since the immunosuppression used to prevent graft rejection limits vaccine immunogenicity. We therefore investigated the immunogenicity and safety of a double dose non-adjuvanted vaccination regimen against influenza H1N1pdm2009 in kidney transplant adult recipients.

METHODS:

A prospective single-arm study was conducted including 121 renal transplant recipients under triple immunosuppressive regimen. Patients received 2 injections (day 0, day 21) of an inactivated, non-adjuvanted H1N1pdm2009 vaccine. Immunogenicity (hemagglutination-inhibition [HI] antibodies and anti-hemagglutin [HA] specific T cells) was evaluated after one and two injections (day 21, day 42) and at 6 months (day 182).

RESULTS:

The seroprotection rate (HI antibody titer≥1/40) was 19% at day 0 (n=119), 53% at day 21 (n=118), 60% at day 42 (n=116) (p=0.013; day 42 vs. day 21) and 56% at day 182 (n=113). The seroconversion rate was 24% and 32%, the geometric mean fold rise was 3.7 and 4.6 after the first and second injections, respectively. T-cell immunity to the H1N1pdm2009 vaccine showed a two-fold increase from baseline, though not statistically significant, in H1N1pdm2009-HA-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in 34% and 48% of cases, respectively. No rejection episodes related to vaccination were observed while the donor-specific antibodies and creatinine clearance remained unchanged throughout the study.

CONCLUSION:

Administration of two doses of the non-adjuvanted influenza H1N1pdm2009 vaccine in renal transplant patients is safe and induces a significant seroprotection, not strong enough yet to meet European or US requirements for adults below 60 years, but comparable to seroprotection levels usually observed in the non immunosuppressed elderly population or conferred by a single dose of adjuvanted vaccine in solid organ transplant recipients. These results provide useful indications for future strategies required to improve immunogenicity of vaccines against influenza in transplanted patients.

PMID:
23103195
DOI:
10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.10.047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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