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Magn Reson Imaging. 2013 Apr;31(3):414-7. doi: 10.1016/j.mri.2012.08.004. Epub 2012 Oct 25.

Intravoxel incoherent motion imaging of the kidney: alterations in diffusion and perfusion in patients with renal dysfunction.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan. ichikawa@yamanashi.ac.jp

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate the relationship between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and parameters calculated using intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) imaging of the kidneys.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We studied 365 patients, divided into 4 groups based on eGFR levels (mL/min/1.73m(2)): group 1, eGFR≥80(n=80); group 2, eGFR 60-80 (n=156); group 3, eGFR 30-60 (n=114); and group 4 ,eGFR<30 (n=15). IVIM imaging was used to acquire diffusion-weighted images at 12 b values. The diffusion coefficient of pure molecular diffusion (D), the diffusion coefficient of microcirculation or perfusion (D*), and perfusion fraction (f) were compared among the groups using group 1 as control.

RESULTS:

In the renal cortex, D* values were significantly lower in groups 2, 3, and 4 than in group 1. The D value of renal cortex was significantly low in only group 3. In the renal medulla, the D* and D values were significantly lower only in groups 2 and 3, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

As renal dysfunction progresses, renal perfusion might be reduced earlier and affected more than molecular diffusion in the renal cortex. These changes are effectively detected by IVIM MR imaging.

PMID:
23102943
DOI:
10.1016/j.mri.2012.08.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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