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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2013 Jan 5;365(1):84-94. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2012.09.006. Epub 2012 Sep 20.

Family members CREB and CREM control thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) expression in the hypothalamus.

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1
Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Center of Life Science, Boston, MA 02215, United States. franck.chiappini@inserm.fr

Abstract

Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus is regulated by thyroid hormone (TH). cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) has also been postulated to regulate TRH expression but its interaction with TH signaling in vivo is not known. To evaluate the role of CREB in TRH regulation in vivo, we deleted CREB from PVN neurons to generate the CREB1(ΔSIM1) mouse. As previously shown, loss of CREB was compensated for by an up-regulation of CREM in euthyroid CREB1(ΔSIM1) mice but TSH, T₄ and T₃ levels were normal, even though TRH mRNA levels were elevated. Interestingly, TRH mRNA expression was also increased in the PVN of CREB1(ΔSIM1) mice in the hypothyroid state but became normal when made hyperthyroid. Importantly, CREM levels were similar in CREB1(ΔSIM1) mice regardless of thyroid status, demonstrating that the regulation of TRH by T₃ in vivo likely occurs independently of the CREB/CREM family.

PMID:
23000398
PMCID:
PMC3572472
DOI:
10.1016/j.mce.2012.09.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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